If you think you are safe…beware of the snake!
So things ain’t going so great for the settlers in North America. They have just fought a bloody 7 year war and now they are faced with yet “mo’ money problems” (*said in my grandest gangster accent!) with these new taxation laws introduced by Britain.
Until one day this Lad stands up in front of a crowd a yells the famous words:
“NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!”
Now that is a catchy turn of phrase! But what did it mean? Simply put, Samuel Adams called on his people to say “No” to British taxes because not only did he feel they were not consulted in these matters, but that they had no say in how they were governed. Remember, they were ruled by a King and people who lived on the other side of the Atlantic..not exactly what you would call a day trip in those days!
The Sons of Liberty
In Boston in early summer of 1765 a group of shopkeepers and artisans who called themselves The Loyal Nine, began preparing for agitation against the Stamp Act. As that group grew, it came to be known as theSons of Liberty. And grow it did! These were not the leading men of Boston, but rather workers and tradesmen. It did not include Sam Adams as it was thought that it was too dangerous to have a figure such as him linked to their gang
- They were a group of rowdy rebels
- The British would consider them enemies and their acts treasonous
Smart thinking gentlemen – it left Adams deal with the political side of protesting while the Sons of Liberty got their hands dirty! Within a very short time a group of some two thousand men had been organized. Essentially the group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the abuses of the British government. But hey, rebels do what rebels do and things start to get a little out of hand (just a tad!).
Please see my Blog on “The Art of Tarring and Feathering” to see just how nasty these guys got!
The Boston Tea Party
Kind of like a small gathering of friends you invited over for some FIFA who in turn invited some of their friends which became your entire neighborhood and your trying to stop them from setting your dog on fire! Ya, it got a little crazy!
But before we talk about the Party, lets briefly mention the “East India Company“. The East India Company was one of the most famous and powerful trading companies of the British Empire. The East India Company were allowed to sell tea directly to America without tax. But by this time, the colonists felt it was too late for apologies and opposed the British monopoly that was ever increasing in the colonies. It was in Boston Harbor that the 3 ships filled with tea was set to dock, and it was there that things would kick start the ‘American War of Independence’.
Fore more information on the East India Company
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“Friends! Brethren! Countrymen!–That worst of plagues, the detested tea, shipped for this port by the East India Company, is now arrived in the harbor.
Bostonians wanted the tea sent back to Britain but the Boston Governor blockaded the port. Governor Thomas Hutchinson (loyal to the King) had been urging London to take a hard line with the Sons of Liberty. December 16, 1773, after officials in Boston refused to return three shiploads of taxed tea to Britain, a group of colonists dressed as Indians boarded the ships and destroyed the tea (342 crates) by throwing it into the Boston Harbor.
What Happened Next?
The Boston Tea Party aroused the anger of the stubborn George the III, who exclaimed, “Those must decide the guilty rebels are to be force into submission!”. Ignoring the advise of the moderates in Parliament who realized that the heavy-handed approach to the colonies will only make the matters worse, he directed that even stronger measure be taken. The following year the port of Boston was closed to all commerce. Changes were also made in the government of Massachusetts which practically put the colony under the direct control of the King. British troops were sent in and took control over the colony
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre was the killing of five colonists by British regulars on March 5, 1770. It was the culmination of tensions in the American colonies that had been growing since Royal troops first appeared in Massachusetts in October 1768 to enforce the heavy tax burden imposed by the Townshend Acts.
Through excellent propagandists in the colonies, the British were made out to have killed hundreds of people, thus, encouraging colonists to join the revolutionaries.
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