History Quiz 4

Put Your Brain to the Test and see if you are a Trivia Master! No peeking at the answers until you have answered all the questions! 😀

Questions

1. Explain how feudalism worked.
2. What was chain mail?
3. What did a page learn?
4. What did a squire learn?
5. What happened during the knighthood ceremony?
6. What was a tournament?
7. What was an archer?
8. What was the main weakness of a motte and bailey castle?
9. What was a keep?
10. What was a portcullis?
11. What was a tapestry?
12. What was the Great Hall in the castle used for?
13. What were some of the main weapons used in a siege?
14. What was the difference between a serf and a freeman?
15. Describe the home of a serf on a manor.
16. Explain how the system of farming worked on the manor.
17. What was the land called the commons used for?
18. What was a tithe?
19. Name a famous Order of monks?
20. Who was the Abbot of the monastery?
21. What were the main vows taken by monks?
22. What was the almonry in a monastery?
23. What was the scriptorium?
24. What was the Chapter house?
25. What was the cloisters?
26. What were some of the main religious services that took place in the church?
27. What was a town charter and what did it say?
28. Why were towns surrounded by high walls?
29. What happened at the town gates at night?
30. Who had to pay tolls in order to get into towns?
31. How did some streets in towns get their names?
32. List five different types of craftsmen that you might find in a town in the Middle Ages
33. What was a guild and what power did it have?
34. What happened to a boy when he became an apprentice?
35. What was a journeyman?
36. How did a person become a master craftsman?
37. Why was fire such a danger in Middle Ages towns?
38. What was a curfew?
39. Explain what the Black Death was
40. How was the problem of the Black Death solved?

Answers

1. A king was not able to control all the land himself, so he gave large pieces to men who were called Lord’s. These lords promised to always obey the king and to provide knights to protect him if a war broke out.

2. It was iron rings linked together and worn by soldiers to protect them from arrows.

3. A boy was called a page at the age of seven and spent most of his time with the lady of the castle learning good manners and how to read and write.

4. At the age of fourteen a page became a squire and learned how to fight on horse back, how to wear armour and how to use weapons such as lances, swords and shields.

5. He fasted for twenty-four hours and then went to the church where he was given his own special sword and spurs by the lord in a special ceremony and after this he was ready to fight when required to do so.

6. It was a competition or a mock-battle between two knights on horse-back in which they tried to knock each other off with a lance.

7. Soldiers who used bows and arrows. Some used a cross-bow.

8. It was made of wood so that meant it could be burned down easily.

9. It was the main building in the castle in which the lord and his family lived. Usually 4-5 storey’s high with battlements on top where guards kept watch during daytime.

10. It was a special iron spiked gate that could be dropped easily and quickly if enemies managed to get across the drawbridge.

11. It was a large piece of hand-woven cloth that was specially decorated and was usually hung on the wall of the great hall.

12. It was used for special feasts and also as a place where the lord acted as a judge and collected taxes.

13. Siege tower, mangonel and battering ram.

14. A serf was not free and even had to ask permission from his local lord to marry or travel outside the village. A freeman could move about freely and paid money rent to the lord for his land.

15. The walls were made of mud and wood and the roof was made of straw.  No windows and only a hole in the roof for a chimney. Very smoky and smelly because animals were kept inside at night. Very little furniture.

16. Each person was given strips of land and the main crops grown were oats, barley and wheat. Every family kept some farm animals and a large common field was used for grazing these animals.

17. It was one large meadow and was used by the serfs of the village as grazing land for all their animals.

18. It was the money or the crops (10%)that the serfs had to give to their local church each year.

19. Benedictines who were founded by Saint Benedict.

20. The abbot was the monk who was in overall charge of a monastery and all monks had to obey him at all times.

21. Promise to obey abbot(obedience) to own no possessions except your own clothes (poverty) to never marry (chastity)

22. The place where the very poor and the sick could come for help.

23. The part where special manuscripts (hand-written books) were produced on calf- skin called vellum and where special inks and colours were used.

24. The place where the abbot had daily meetings to discuss the running of the monastery and to deal with problems that may develop. A chapter from the rule book was read and that is how it got the name.

25. This was a covered walkway in the centre of the monastery which surrounded a garden.

26. Daily mass, matins in the morning and vespers in the evening.

27. Towns were given charters by the king to have their own mayor and to select a special council to run the town or city.

28. To protect them from attack.

29. All town gates were closed at night and opened at dawn.

30. Traders who wanted to set up stalls in town markets had to pay a special toll before they got in.

31. Streets were named after the main activities that were carried out there. For example, Winetavern Street in Dublin

32. Tanner, goldsmith, baker, cooper, tailor.

33. Each craft had its own guild and the guild made sure proper standards were kept as well as the proper prices. Also looked after old and sick
members.

34. He went to live with a master-craftsman to learn his trade for 7 years. He did not get paid but was given food and a place to live.

35. A journeyman had completed 7 years training and could then travel from town to town in search of paid work.

36. He had to produce a masterpiece for his guild to inspect and if it was passed he could then set up his very own workshop.

37. Most houses were built of wood and had thatch roofs.

38. The order given at night to put out all fires in towns.

39. A horrible disease caused by fleas which lived on rats and caused the death of one-third of the population of Europe.

40. A huge clean-up of all the major towns and cities.

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