History Quiz 2.4

Put Your Brain to the Test and see if you are a Trivia Master! No peeking at the answers until you have answered all the questions! 😀

Questions

1. Why did Europeans settle in the American colonies in the 1600’s
2. Name 5 of the original 13 colonies.
3. What were some of the main differences between the northern colonies and the southern colonies.
4. What were the two main threats facing people in the  colonies.
5. What was the Stamp Act and why was it introduced?
6. What was meant by “no taxation without representation”.
7. What was the Continental Congress?
8. What were the main ideas put forward in the Declaration of independence?
9. What were the main advantages and disadvantages of both sides in the American war of independence?
10. Why was the Battle of Saratoga of such importance to the Americans?
11. Why was French help of such importance to the Americans.
12. What is meant by a Constitution?
13. What was meant by the federal system of government that was set up in America?
14. What is meant by a system of checks and balance that is found in the American system of  government?
15. Who became the first president and how long did he serve?
16. How did the American war of independence affect other countries?

Answers

1. They wanted to escape religious persecution. For example, Roman Catholics from England went and named their colony Maryland. Some wanted to begin a new life and to get land to farm.

2. New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Georgia, Maryland.

3. The south was much hotter. It had a system of slavery. The north had bigger cities.

4. Being attacked by native Americans or by the French.

5. This was a special tax placed on official documents introduced by the British in order to get the money to pay for the cost of defending the 13 colonies.

6. The Americans resented the fact that they had to accept laws which were made for them a few thousand miles away in the Parliament in London.

7. This was the special meeting that took place in Philadelphia of all the representatives from the 13 colonies who were angry with the King and government of England.

8. That a person has certain rights given to him/her by God and people have governments to protect these rights. If governments fail to protect these rights then the people have a right to get rid of them.

9. Americans – knew territory really well. Had large support from people. Used hit and run tactics. But many soldiers were only part-time and there were discipline problems. English – had a very well trained army with lots of equipment but had to travel a long  distance to fight and were not familiar with the surrounding countryside.

10. It was a major victory for the Americans and it convinced the French that the time was right to provide help for the Americans.

11. The French provided new well-trained troops and weapons. They also sent over army generals such as Lafayette who were good leaders and worked well with the Americans. They also sent navy boats which prevented supplies from Britain being sent to their army.

12. A Constitution is a set of laws which outlines how a country is to be run.

13. This meant that each State had a government of its own but the really important decisions were made by the government based in the capital city (Federal government)

14. If the President wants to make a new law he has to get the Congress and the Supreme Court to agree that it is acceptable.

15. George Washington – 8 years.

16. The ideas spread to other countries such as France and Ireland. It provided the inspiration to some people that they too should have a Revolution of their own.

So how did you do? Don’t worry if you didn’t get them all right…come back later and try again. If you like, why not try out other quizzes on this site!

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