Put Your Brain to the Test and see if you are a Trivia Master! No peeking at the answers until you have answered all the questions! 😀
1. Why did the population of Ireland increase so rapidly in the early 1800’s?
2. What was a tenant-farmer?
3. What was a workhouse?
4. What was the very first response of the British government to the famine in 1845?
5. What was the problem with “public-works” schemes as a method of dealing with the problem of famine?
6. How did the religious group, the Quakers, help during the famine?
7. What was the primary cause of the famine in Ireland?
8. What were some of the major problems with workhouses during the famine?
9. What were coffin-ships?
10. What were some of the main consequences of the famine?
1. The main reason for the growth of population was because large numbers of families were able to live on small plots of land and were able to survive by growing one main crop, potatoes.
2. A tenant-farmer was someone who did not own their own land but paid rent to a landlord.
3. Every part of Ireland had a workhouse where people could move to if they were really poor and were not able to survive on their own.
4. The first response of the government was to import special shiploads of maize which was then sold to people at a low price.
5. Public works schemes were set up by the British government to provide jobs for many people. However, most of the people had to travel long distances to the work and they were already too weak with hunger to be able to work.
6. The Quakers were a small religious group who set up the first soup-kitchens in Ireland to distribute free food to the hungry.
7. The famine was actually caused by a disease called “Blight” which struck the potato crop and the crop rotted in the ground.
8. As the famine worsened, the workhouses became more and more overcrowded. In these conditions, disease spread rapidly and this resulted in the deaths of large numbers of people.
9. This was the name used to describe the ships that brought huge numbers of Irish people to the USA and Canada. Most were totally overcrowded and large numbers of people died.
10. There was a massive drop in the population. One million people died and one million emigrated. There was also a large decline in the number of Irish-speaking people as the west of Ireland was the area worst affected by the famine.
So how did you do? Don’t worry if you didn’t get them all right…come back later and try again. If you like, why not try out other quizzes on this site!