History Quiz 3.1

Put Your Brain to the Test and see if you are a Trivia Master! No peeking at the answers until you have answered all the questions! 😀

Questions

1. Explain what was meant by Home Rule.
2. What is meant by a Nationalist?
3. Who was the founder of Sinn Fein and what were their aims?
4. What is meant by Unionist?
5. Why were Ulster Unionists so opposed to Home Rule?
6. What was the Ulster Solemn League and Covenant?
7. Why were the UVF set up?
8. What was the Larne gun-running?
9. Why were the Irish Volunteers set up and by whom?
10. What happened to the Irish Volunteers at the start of WWI?
11. Who were the three main organisers of the 1916 rising?
12. Outline the key events of the 1916 Rising.
13. Why was the Easter rising a military fáilure?
14. Why did public opinion towards the Irish Volunteers change after the Easter Rising.
15. Name three political leaders who came to prominence after the 1916 Rising.
16. Which party won the 1918 election and who was the leader?
17. Who were the Black and Tans?
18. What was a “flying column”?
19. Name two Irishmen who signed the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921.
20. List three important terms of the 1921 treaty.
21. Who led the opposition to the treaty in Ireland?
22. What was the main cause of the Irish civil war?
23. What were some of the main results of the civil war
24. What was the 26 county state called in the 1920’s?
25. Who was the main political leader of the 1920’s and what political party did he belong to?
26. What were some of the main achievements of the government in the 1920’s?
27. What did de Valera do in the 1920’s?
28. Why did Fianna Fáil win the election in 1932?
29. Who were the Blueshirts and what were their aims?
30. What policy did de Valera adopt towards the IRA?
31. What changes did de Valera make to the 1921 Treaty?
32. What were the main parts of the new constitution of de Valera?
33. What was the economic war of the 1930’s?
34. Write about life in Ireland during World War 2.
35. What unique form of government was formed after WWII?
36. What was the main achievement of Noel Browne?
37. What was the Mother and Child scheme and why did it cause controversy?
38. What were the major problems facing Ireland during the 1950’s?
39. Write about the major changes that occurred in the Lemass years (1960’s).

Answers

1. This was a political idea that began in the 1870’s which demanded that Ireland should have a Parliament of it’s own in Dublin. This Parliament would take care of things that directly affected Ireland but the really big decisions on issues such as taxation and defence would still be taken in London.

2. A nationalist is someone who wants Ireland to have independence from Britain. The majority of Nationalists were Catholic.

3. Sinn Fein was founded in the early 1900’s. The leader was Arthur Griffith. He wanted Irish elected representatives to reuse to take their seats in a London Parliament. He wanted them to set up a government in Dublin. He was opposed to any use of violence.

4. A Unionist is someone who wanted Ireland to remain part of the UK. The majority were Protestant and they were strongest in the province of Ulster.

5. Ulster Unionists believed that breaking the link with Britain would result in an economic loss for Ulster. They also believed that “Home Rule is Rome Rule”. By this they meant that they feared that a Parliament in Dublin would be Catholic dominated and would discriminate against Protestants.

6. This was a very serious document signed by a huge number of people in Ulster in which they said NO to Home Rule and pledged to do everything possible to defeat it.

7. This was the Ulster Volunteer Force set up by Edward Carson in 1912 and prepared to use force to defeat Home Rule.

8. This was when the UVF imported a large consignment of guns and ammunition illegally from Germany in early 1914 . The cargo arrived at night into the port of Larne, north of Belfast.

9. They were set up in Dublin in opposition to the UVF by a man called Eoin MacNeill.

10. A split developed in the ranks. A majority heeded the call of the leader of the Irish Home Rule Party, John Redmond, to go and fight on the side of Britain in WWI in order to defend the rights of small nations such as Belgium. However, a small minority totally refused to fight on the side of Britain. They kept the name Irish Volunteers.

11. Patrick Pearse, Sean MacDermott and Thomas Clarke.

12. Easter Rising 1916

  • Easter Monday 1916 – rebellion began
  • GPO and 6 other buildings captured by Volunteers
  • Proclamation of republic read to public
  • British caught by surprise
  • Huge army reinforcements sent to Dublin
  • Volunteers outnumbered 20/1 in 2 days
  • British army surround city
  • Volunteer positions attacked
  • British had superior weaponry
  • Gun-boat “Helga” shells the GPO
  • Dublin city centre destroyed
  • Hundreds killed – British, Volunteers, civilians
  • Connolly badly wounded
  • Pearse ordered surrender on Saturday
  • British arrest over 3000 people
  • Over 1800 sent to prison camps in Britain
  • Great public anger – destruction – civilian deaths
  • Sentenced to death – 15 executed
  • Summer 1916 – huge change in public opinion
  • Anger over secret trials and executions
  • Martial law continued in Dublin
  • Dead leaders become heroes within weeks

13.  It failed for a number of reasons. Firstly, the rebels were easily surrounded and isolated one by one by the British forces. Also the British had far superior weaponry and outnumbered the rebels by 20 to 1.

14.  The main leaders of the Rebellion were executed. This created a huge change in public opinion. Many people began to feel great sympathy for the dead leaders and within a very short time they were being treated as heroes.

15.  Eamon de Valera, Michael Collins, Arthur Griffith

16.  The Sinn Fein Party won the election. They wanted a fully independent Irish Republic. The leader of the Party was led by Eamon de Valera.
17.  They were ex-British soldiers sent to Ireland to defeat the IRA in the War of Independence.

18.  These were small units of IRA men who carried out attacks on the police (RIC) and the British forces. They adopted guerrilla warfare tactics. They attacked and disappeared quickly. They had many safe houses to stay in as the majority of people were prepared to hide them.

19.  Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith.

20.  26 Counties of Ireland would become an Irish Free State. It would have a Parliament of its own in Dublin but would remain a member of the British Empire. All members of the Irish parliament in Dublin would have to take an oath of loyalty to the King of England.

21.  De Valera was angry with the Treaty and led the opposition to it.

22.  A major split took place in the IRA.  Some stayed loyal to Collins and accepted the Treaty. Others believed that the Treaty was a betrayal and were prepared to renew the fight for a Republic.

23.  Ireland became bitterly divided. Michael Collins was killed in an ambush. Massive destruction of property. Hundreds killed on both sides.

24.  The Irish Free State.

25.  William Cosgrave was the leader of the new government. His political party was called Cumann na Gael.

26.  They created a strong police force called the Garda Siochána. They restored law and order and a Courts system. They set up an Irish Civil service. They developed a hydro-electric power station on the Shannon river.

27.  De Valera left the Sinn Fein Party. He formed a new Party called Fianna Fáil.

28.  De Valera had a very well organised Party. Many of the main members were very well known.

29.  They were founded by Eoin O Duffy in 1933. They were formed to protect Cumann na Gael meetings from attacks by the IRA. They were often compared to the followers of Mussolini because of their marches, salutes and uniforms.

30.  De Valera became very opposed to the use of any violence by any group. He imprisoned many IRA members and later banned them.

31.  He got rid of the oath of loyalty to the King. The representative of the King in Ireland was called the Governor-general and de Valera also abolished that position.

32.  The country was to be called Eire. The head of State was to be called a President. The head of government was to be called Taoiseach.

33.  This was when the British government imposed tariffs (special high taxes) on Irish goods coming into Britain. They were angry with De Valera because he refused to pay back money owed to Britain. The Irish government then retaliated by placing huge tariffs on British goods entering Ireland. This lasted for a few years. Both economies suffered as a result.

34.  War began in SEPTEMBER 1939. Called the “Emergency” in Ireland. Government policy was to be one of  neutrality.

  • Taoiseach : Eamon de Valera
  • Widespread support for the policy – Dáil and public
  • Govt. given wide-ranging powers – Emergency powers orders
  • Two new Govt. Departments created – e.g. Department of Supplies
  • Sean Lemass becomes a key Minister
  • Very strict rationing introduced
  • Very strict censorship of all newspapers and radio
  • Irish Shipping set up to get supplies into Ireland
  • Dublin bombed by mistake by Germany in 1941- 34 died

35.  This was the very first Coalition Government created in Ireland. All political parties took part except Fianna Fáil.

36.  He was the Minister for Health in this first Coalition Government. He is most remembered for the way in which he tackled the problem of TB. Many new hospitals were built and new drugs were paid for to wipe out the disease.

37.  This was a proposal of Browne to introduce free medical care for all mothers and children up to the age of 16 years. It was opposed by the Catholic church who said it was too much like a Communist idea.

38.  Massive unemployment. Huge emigration to the USA and Britain. The overall population continued to decline.

39.  Foreign Companies were encouraged to invest in Ireland. Free Secondary education was introduced for the first time. RTE TV was launched. Special meetings took place for the first time between the political leaders of both the Republic and Northern Ireland. (O’Neill and Lemass)

So how did you do? Don’t worry if you didn’t get them all right…come back later and try again. If you like, why not try out other quizzes on this site!

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