History Quiz 3.3

Put Your Brain to the Test and see if you are a Trivia Master! No peeking at the answers until you have answered all the questions! 😀


1. What is meant by the term “Cold War” and what did it involve?
2. Why did the USA and the USSR dislike each other so much after WWII?
3. What was meant by the “Iron Curtain”?
4. What was the Truman Doctrine?
5. What was the Marshall Plan?
6. What was NATO and why was it created?
7. Why was the Berlin wall built?
8. What happened during the Cuban Missile Crisis?
9. What brought an end to the Cold War?


1. The Cold War was a state of rivalry that existed between the USA and the USSR which began soon after WW2 ended and lasted right up until the 1980’s. It involved spying on each other, an arms race and a space race. At times it even came close to war but this never happened.

2. The USSR resented the fact that their ally in WW2, the USA, had developed the atomic bomb in total secrecy. The USSR and the USA were fundamentally different from each other in that one was Communist and the other a capitalist state.

3. The “Iron Curtain” was a term used by Winston Churchill in the mid 1940’s to describe the division of Europe into Communist Eastern Europe and the Capitalist countries in the West.

4. President Truman of the USA made a statement in which he promised that the USA would send economic and military aid to any country that was trying to prevent a Communist take-over. He wanted to stop the spread of Communism to other countries.

5. The Marshall Plan was the idea of the USA. The plan was to send huge amounts of aid to countries in Western Europe in order to help them to rebuild their shattered economies after the destruction caused by WW2.

6. This was a military alliance formed by the USA and it’s allies in which they pledged to help each other if attacked by the USSR.

7.  This was built in 1961 by the government of East Berlin to prevent their citizens from travelling into the western part of the city. It remained in place until 1989.

8.  This was a major crisis which nearly led to war in the autumn of 1962.

9.  The Cold War really began to come to an end in 1989 when the Berlin Wall was dismantled and two years later when the USSR collapsed and the Communists were no longer in control.

So how did you do? Don’t worry if you didn’t get them all right…come back later and try again. If you like, why not try out other quizzes on this site!


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