Ever wonder why in South America Brazilians speak Portuguese while pretty much all other nations speak Spanish? No? Ok I will pretend you said YES! This all had to do with the Treaty of Tordessilas of 1494
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The Treaty of Tordesillas
Just months after Christopher Columbus returned to Europe from his maiden voyage to the New World, the Spanish-born Pope Alexander VI gave Spain a head-start in the quest for domination over newly discovered regions of the world.
The Pope decreed that all lands discovered west of a meridian 100 leagues (one league is 3 miles or 4.8 km) west of the Cape Verde Islands should belong to Spain while new lands discovered east of that line would belong to Portugal. This papal bull also specified that all lands already under the control of a “Christian prince” would remain under that same control.
This limiting line made Portugal angry. King John II (the nephew of Prince Henry the Navigator) negotiated with King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain to move the line to the west. King John’s rationale to Ferdinand and Isabella was that the Pope’s line extends all around the globe, thus limiting Spanish influence in Asia.
On June 7, 1494 Spain and Portugal met at Tordesillas, Spain and signed a treaty moved the line 270 leagues west, to 370 leagues west of Cape Verde. This new line (located at approximately 46° 37′) gave Portugal more claim to South America yet also provided Portugal with automatic control over most of the Indian Ocean.
While it would be several hundred years before the line of the Treaty of Tordesillas could be accurately determined (due to problems determining longitude), Portugal and Spain kept to their sides of the line quite well. Portugal ended up colonizing places like Brazil in South America and India and Macau in Asia. Brazil’s Portuguese-speaking population is a result of the Treaty of Tordesillas.
así que hay que ir! Portugal fue dado Brasil, mientras que España consiguió el resto ! Para más información sobre la Era de Exploraciones , que sea aquí!
então lá vai ! Portugal foi dada Brasil , enquanto a Espanha tem o resto ! Para saber mais sobre o Age of Explorations , mantê-lo aqui
So there you go! Portugal was given Brazil while Spain got the rest!
For more on the Age of Explorations, keep it here!